Acadiana Park has been a popular camping area for over 5,000 years! The earliest visitors, however, differed greatly from their modern counterparts. Attracted by the high, dry land of the Mississippi River escarpment and the close proximity to navigable waters, at least two groups of Native Americans utilized the land that is now within park boundaries.Evidence in the form of various artifacts indicates that the arrival of the park’s first human visits occurred about 3,000 BC This prehistoric group of people is referred to by archaeologists as Archaic Indians.
The paucity of the stone implements recovered indicates that these ancient people utilized this area more as a hunting camp.A later group of natives settled here between 1200 and 1600 AD – a larger and obviously more advanced group. An abundance of shell-tempered potsherds indicates that women were also present with this group. All soils of Acadiana Park are alluvial in nature, and the dates and methods of deposition have resulted in a topography unique to southwestern Louisiana. Upon entering the park, first-time visitors are often surprised to find a series of sloping hills in this region, which is typically known for being very flat. These hill-like formations actually represent the Mississippi River escarpment which divides this area into floodplain and prairie ecosystems.